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Prostatitis – Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment

Prostatitis is a condition where the prostate gland and its surrounding area are inflamed.

About Prostatitis

The prostate gland is a small, walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The main function is to contribute to the semen. The gland is important for fertility in men. It is located between the penis and the anus in the pelvis.

Some of them over 50 develop the inflammation of the prostate known as prostatitis. Prostatitis is often painful for the patient.

What Causes Prostatitis?

A bacterial infection commonly causes prostatitis. Sometimes damage to the nerves supplying your bladder and prostate can also contribute to prostatitis. The cause may also be unknown

What Are the Symptoms of Prostatitis?

The symptoms are as follows:

  • Pain while urinating
  • Increased pain after ejaculation
  • Frequent urination
  • Weak urine stream
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Trouble urinating
  • Pain or discomfort in the region between the scrotum and the anus, the penis, the lower back, or the lower abdomen. 

When Should I See a Doctor?

You should see a doctor if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms. You should meet with a urologist at your nearest major hospital like Apollo Hospitals, to address the condition.


What Are the Risk Factors of Prostatitis?

Prostatitis can affect some men more than others due to certain risk factors, they include the following:

  • Having had the condition previously
  • Being old
  • Having had a biopsy of the prostate
  • Having HIV/AIDS
  • Having had a UTI
  • Having trauma to the pelvic region

What Are the Complications of Prostatitis?

Untreated prostatitis can lead to more severe complications. The complications of the condition are as follows:

  • Blood infection
  • Epididymitis
  • Prostate abscess
  • Fertility issues and abnormalities with the semen

These conditions may require intensive treatment. This is why you must address the issue of prostatitis as early as possible.

How is Prostatitis Diagnosed?

To diagnose prostatitis, your doctor will work towards ruling out underlying medical conditions that have caused prostatitis. They will conduct a physical examination that will include a digital rectal examination and will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You will also be asked to take certain tests. These include:

How is Prostatitis Treated?

To treat prostatitis, your doctor may recommend the following treatments:

  • Antibiotics to treat bacterial infection.
  • A category of medicines called Alpha-blockers can relax the region and ease the urination issues.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs can also ease the pain and discomfort caused by the condition.

You must follow your doctor’s instructions and finish your medication course.


Prostatitis is a common condition in men; it requires medical expert attention and treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

Are There Any Home Remedies for Prostatitis?

Drink plenty of diuretics and avoid caffeine and alcohol. You can also use a heating pad to ease the pain. You should also avoid any activities that put a strain on your pelvic region.

Can the Infection be caused by having Sex?

While certain types of prostatitis are caused by bacteria, they are mostly not transmitted by having sex. 

Can Prostatitis Affect My Sexual Health?

Men with prostatitis might find that they have a lowered sexual drive and reduced satisfaction from having sex. In some cases, men can even feel pain after ejaculation. The condition can also contribute to erectile dysfunction.

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