Home Sprained Ankle Quickest Home Remedies for a Sprained Ankle

Quickest Home Remedies for a Sprained Ankle

The ankle joint connects the lower leg with your foot. The ankle bone is held in place with the help of three ligaments. If one of these ligaments is torn or stretched beyond their normal range of movement, it is causes a sprained ankle. The injury usually occurs due to a sudden twist or turn of the ankle joint . Most injuries causing a sprained ankle aoccur on the outer side of the ankle.

The treatment for a sprain in the ankle depends on the severity of the injury caused. While there are various self-treatment options and over-the-counter medications available, a medical evaluation is necessary to find out the extent of injury caused.

Grades of a Sprained ankle

Doctors classify a sprained ankle i based on its severity.

● Grade-I (Mild)

In this type of injury, the ligament is stretched but not torn. Although your ankle feels stable, you may experience some pain, stiffness, and discomfort.

● Grade-II (Moderate)

In this stage, one or more ligaments get partially torn. You experience stiffness to your ankle, and the joint gets unstable. You may experience moderate pain and swelling.

● Grade-III (Severe)

This is the severest injury to the ankle as one or more ligaments get torn. You will experience a lot of pain and will be unable to move your ankle.

What causes a sprained ankle?

Any movement that stretches your ankle more than normal can cause damage to a ligament in such a way that it gets stretched or wholly or partially torn. This usually happens when the foot gets twisted or turned inwards.

Some of the common causes for a sprain in the ankle include:

● Landing the foot in an improper manner while running, stepping up or down, or performing any other activity.

● Stepping on an uneven surface while walking or running, such as a hole.

● Another person accidentally stepping on your ankle or foot, especially during any sports activity.

● Landing awkwardly on your foot while pivoting or jumping.

Symptoms of a sprained ankle

The signs and symptoms of a sprained ankle usually depend on the severity of the injury caused. However, the inflammation caused by the sprain of the ankle can bring about the following symptoms:

● The ankle may be so swollen that the area leaves an indent when pressed with your finger.

● The foot nerves are more sensitive after a sprain. The discomfort increases when you press the area with your finger, stand, walk, or move your foot in a certain direction.

● A sprain leads to increased blood flow to the area causing redness and warmth.

● If the ligament is torn, the joint can feel weak and unstable.

● The severity of the sprain may limit the movement of your foot and cause trouble walking.

● You may also experience a throbbing sensation in the affected area.

Complications due to a sprained ankle

If the sprained ankle is left untreated or you resume activities too soon after a sprain, or you get hurt on the same area repeatedly, it can lead to various complications like:

● Chronic ankle joint instability.

Arthritis on the joint.

● Injury to the other ankle because of changes in your walk.

● Chronic ankle pain.

Risk factors associated with a sprained ankle

While children, teenagers, and women are more likely to get a sprained ankle, some people are at an increased risk of injuring their ankle. You might be one of them if you:

● Engage in outdoor sports activities like football, cricket, basketball, and tennis.

● Walk or run on uneven surfaces.

● Had a sprained ankle before or any other ankle injury.

● Wear improper shoes for any specific activity.

● Have poor flexibility and strength in your ankles.

How to prevent a sprained ankle?

You are more likely to hurt your sprained ankle again. So, you need to follow these preventive measures:

● Keep your ankle flexible and strong by following strengthening exercises recommended by your physiotherapist.

● If you are engaged with some kind of sport, tape up the affected area to get some extra support for the ankle. Use a brace if you have had multiple sprains.

● Make sure to avoid any uneven surfaces or holes where you are walking or running.

● Wear the right type of shoe for the right kind of activity for proper support to your ankle.

Treatment of a sprained ankle

The ultimate objective for the treatment of a sprained ankle is to reduce the swelling and pain, promote healing, and restore the ankle’s normal functioning. For Grade-III injury, you might be required to visit an orthopedic surgeon.

Self-care treatment/Home remedies

This at-home treatment is commonly referred to as the R.I.C.E. approach which means:

● Rest to protect your ankle from hurting or putting stress on the inflamed tissues. Using a splint or brace is recommended.

● Ice is applied to the ankle to reduce blood flow and heal swelling, redness, and warmth. If you do this immediately after the injury, it can reduce inflammation.

● Compression is done to reduce the swelling. Use an elastic bandage to lightly wrap the affected area until the swelling goes down.

● Elevation, i.e., lifting the affected area, will help the body absorb the extra fluid. Using a reclining chair to elevate the ankle above your heart level will drain out the excess fluid.

Medication

In most cases of a sprained ankle, over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen, naproxen sodium, and acetaminophen are enough to provide relief.

Devices

Since a sprained ankle creates difficulty in walking, you may need crutches until the pain subsides. Your doctor may even recommend a sports tape, an elastic bandage, or an ankle brace to get support for the ankle. If you have severe pain, you may need a walking boot or cast to immobile the ankle until the tissues heal.

Therapy

Once the pain reduces enough to enable your ankle’s movement, your doctor might recommend a few exercises to restore the strength, flexibility, motion, and stability of the ankle. Stability and balance training by a physiotherapist can help you regain the normal movement of your sprained ankle.

Surgery

If the sprain sustains for a long period without any improvement even after rehabilitative exercises and physical therapy, your doctor might recommend surgery. This is rarely recommended to:

● Repair any damaged ligament that will not heal naturally.

● Reconstruct a damaged ligament by taking tissue from a nearby tendon or ligament.

Request an appointment at Apollo Hospitals.
Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is it okay to walk on a sprained ankle?

Although you might be tempted to walk after a sprained ankle, it might cause more damage to the tendon or ligament and prolong the recovery period. So, you are recommended not to put pressure on your ankle unless advised by your doctor.

2. What helps a sprained ankle heal faster?

Following the R.I.C.E. treatment method will help to heal a sprained ankle faster. However, if your ankle’s condition is severe, you might be required to visit a doctor for proper treatment.

3. Should you wrap a sprained ankle overnight?

You can wrap an elastic bandage to your sprained ankle and leave it for 48 to 72 hours until the swelling subsides. But once the swelling reduces, you should unwrap the bandage immediately, or it can lead to long-term problems like osteoarthritis.

4. How long should you wait to walk on a sprained ankle?

Most sprained ankles without any torn ligament get healed within a couple of weeks. Even if you are unable to apply absolute pressure on your foot, the pain and discomfort usually subsidies. However, if ligaments get wholly or partially torn, it can take weeks to walk normally.

5. Should I sleep with my ankle support?

Ankle supports and braces are primarily used for daytime relief and protection to the ankle. However, if you are experiencing extreme pain and discomfort, and if the ankle support provides some relief to your joints, you can sleep with the ankle support on.

Request an appointment at Apollo Hospitals.
Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

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