Home Living Healthy Kids Health What is Anemia ? its Symptoms ,Investigations & Treatment

What is Anemia ? its Symptoms ,Investigations & Treatment

Is your child feeling tired after play? Are you feel he is pale? Did you see a blood loss from stool? Is your child not gaining weight?… If yes, your child could be anemic..Needs urgent care. Let us know what is anemia.

What is Anemia?

Anemia is a condition with low hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is like structure in red blood cell of blood. Red cells are one of the types of cells in the blood due to which our blood looks red. Hemoglobin is a transport vehicle for oxygen within our body. So once you breathe, take oxygen in, oxygen combines with Hemoglobin and then it is transported to each cell of the body to be delivered and in turn, oxygen sustains a life of those cells.

Imagine now what would happen if hemoglobin -our transport is not functioning, how our cells get deprived of oxygen. Anemia results from the poor production of red cells increased destruction or loss of red cells. Poor production could be due to damage in bone marrow or poor supply of nutrients required to produce RBCs-Like iron, Vitamin B12 or Folic acid.

Loss of RBCs could be due to blood loss from injuries,  dysentery or toxins destroying blood. The life of red cells in blood can be shortened due to genetic defects in hemoglobin or cell membrane of cells like Thalassemia, sickle cell anemia or spherocytosis.

 Symptoms of Anemia :

Symptoms will be very non-specific and generalized. Child will grow less , poor weight gain,look pale white, feels tired, falls sick frequently. There are symptoms of associated nutrition deficiency..Acute blood loss anemia or very serious anemia will result in breathing difficulties also. A child may perform poor in school. Anemia due to Thalassemia results in changes in shape of head and abdominal distention. Vitamin B 12 deficiency will have poor cognition and understanding along with anemia.


Yes,we must investigate thoroughly.History, physical examination and blood tests are basic steps.CBC is the basic blood test your doctor will advise you. It studies size of red blood cells, increased as Macrocytic anemia and decreased as Microcytic anemia and normal as normocytic anemia. Now we can redefine microcytic anemia with a reading called RDW. Raised RDW is majoritily iron deficiency anemia -the commonest anemia.

If you have normal RDW ,we have to think of Thalassemia syndromes.In macrocytic group,B12 deficiency is the commonest cause of anemia. Your doctor may advise you further test to confirm the cause. Mind well,it is not only the report , physical examination and reports are to be considered as a complete process. Stool report is advised to evaluate if there is a chronic loss of blood, infection or worms in the intestine. If  doctor suspect malignancy in bone marrow, a specific test of bone marrow biopsy is sought.

Anemia Treatment :

Every anemia has a specific cause and treatment can address well. Acute blood loss patients need to be transfused with pack cells if needed. Most of chronic anemia may not need blood transfusion urgently. And giving blood is no way a long term solution .Iron deficiency  is the commonest cause and Iron therapy is easiest and most effective rewarding treatment.

Iron shall be taken in oral tablet, capsule or syrup or rarely injections. A course must be given full 3 months and repeat tests may not be required always. Diet rich in iron as green leafy vegetables is the must. Worms treatment will be an additional need if the report says so. Vitamin B12 can be given as injections or sublingual tablets for a couple of weeks. Make sure you be in touch with the doctor as self-medication is never a treatment choice. If anemia is proved due to Thalassemia, you need to consult paediatrician and plan long-term care. Bone marrow diseases and malignancies are very tricky to treat and requires haematologist expertise.


Dr Maulik Bakshi Dr Maulik Bakshi


Dr. Maulik Bakshi – MD. Pediatrics,
“Director & Consultant Pediatrician,

Apollo Hospitals city Center.Ahmedabad




“For Health Related issue visit Book Appointment or Consult with the Top online Doctors at Ask Apollo.”

Verified by Apollo Doctorshttps://www.askapollo.com/
8000+ Top doctors Associated and Apollo Hospitals is continuosly ranked as No1 Multispecialty Hospitals in India with best in class treatments for Cancer, Knee replacements, Liver Transplant, Heart, Diabetes, Kidney.

Quick Appointment

Most Popular

டெங்கு காய்ச்சல், சிக்குன்குனியா மற்றும் மலேரியா ஆகிய நோய்களைத் தடுப்பதற்கான வழிமுறைகள்

கொசுக்களின் மூலம் பரவுகின்ற காய்ச்சல்கள், குறிப்பாக மலேரியா, டெங்கு, சிக்குன்குனியா போன்றவற்றினால் பாதிக்கப்படும் நபர்களின் எண்ணிக்கை சமீபத்தில் அதிகரித்துள்ளன. முறையான கவனிப்பு வழங்கப்படாமல் போனால் இந்நோய்கள் மரணத்தை ஏற்படுத்தக்கூடும்.

இரும்புச் சத்துக்கும், இரத்த ஹீமோகுளோபினுக்கும் இடையில் உள்ள தொடர்பு என்ன?

 இரத்த ஹீமோகுளோபின் சோதனை என்றால் என்ன?  ஹீமோகுளோபின் என்பது உங்கள் இரத்தத்தில் உள்ள சிவப்பணுக்களில் காணப்படும் ஒரு புரதச்சத்து ஆகும். இந்த ஹீமோகுளோபின் புரதச் சத்தானது...

COVID 19 ஆன்டி-பாடி சோதனை (IgG), RT-PCR, TrueNat சோதனை ஆகியவற்றுக்கு இடையே உள்ள வேறுபாடு என்ன?

உலகளவில் உள்ள பயோடெக் நிறுவனங்கள் புதிய மற்றும் மேம்பட்ட சோதனைக் கருவிகளை உருவாக்கி வருவதன் காரணமாக, COVID 19 நோய்த்தொற்று ஏற்படக் காரணமான SARS-CoV-2 (சிவியர் அக்கியூட் ரெஸ்பிரேட்டரி சிண்ட்ரோம்...

TrueNat என்பது என்ன? அது எப்படி வேலை செய்கிறது?

TrueNat என்பது ஒரு சில ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்பு காசநோயைக் (TB) கண்டறிவதற்காகக் கண்டுபிடிக்கப்பட்ட சிறிய சாதனமாகும். இது சிப் தொழில்நுட்பத்தின் அடிப்படையில் பேட்டரி மூலம் இயங்குகின்ற சாதனம். இந்த சாதனத்தைக்...