HomeHealth A-ZWhat is Tubectomy? Indications, Techniques & Recovery

What is Tubectomy? Indications, Techniques & Recovery

Tubectomy, commonly called tubal sterilization, is a permanent contraception procedure for women. It is a surgical procedure that prevents the egg produced by the ovary from reaching the uterus by obstructing the fallopian tubes.

Indication for Tubectomy:

Tubectomy is recommended when a female does not want to have children in the future.

The doctor will carefully look into the following:

  1. The necessity to opt for tubectomy as an option 
  2. Knowing if this is the best option that suits the individual
  3. The procedure’s complications, side effects and risks
  4. Getting to know if there are other options to fulfil the individual’s need. 

Procedure and Techniques:

Tubectomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting the fallopian tubes and clipping or tying them together to prevent the egg from passing into the uterus.

Around the umblicus, the surgeon will make a few tiny incisions. A laparoscope (a telescopic instrument) is introduced into one of the incisions on the skin into the operative region. 

The tip of the laparoscope has a small camera that relays images to a monitor, enabling the surgeon to view the internal structures. The surgeon then uses specialized equipment to plug the tubes by slicing segments of them or sealing them with clips. 

The following are the methods through which tubectomy is performed:

The fallopian tubes are sealed in one of 2 ways:

  • With an electric current, which makes the tube clot (electrocoagulation)
  • With a clip or band which is placed over the tubes. In certain cases, a device will be used to separate tubes from the ovaries and the uterus and, the tubes will be removed

What can be expected during the post-operative care of tubectomy?

Patients are mostly asked to go home the same day after a tubectomy. The following side-effects may be expected:

  • Feeling nausea and pain for 4-8 hours post-surgery
  • Fatigue and drowsiness
  • Abdominal cramps and discomfort for a few days

It is necessary to have frequent check-ups with the surgeon until complete recovery. The following post-procedural guidelines are usually recommended for patients on discharge:

  • Avoid strenuous exercises and activities for a week
  • Avoid having sexual intercourse for a week post-surgery
  • Continue the consumption of pain relievers until wholly relieved from the discomfort of the sutures. 

Patients will be able to resume their routine within a few days post-surgery. However, it is vital to learn when to start the normal activities from trusted health care experts such as gynecologists from Apollo Hospitals.

In the following circumstances, it is recommended to see your Apollo doctor:

  • High fever
  • Itching on the incisions
  • Bleeding at the sutured areas
  • Fainting or drowsiness accompanied by high temperature. 
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